Dogs often act like humans during the most inconvenient times. According to the belief of some dog owners, dogs need to be loved and cared for because they are also emotional beings. Because of their recognition and study of what dogs like and dislike, animal portraits can be done successfully.
Refusal to have his picture taken could be indicated by his baring at the wrong instant, the wagging of his tail, or the refusal to prick up his ears. The obstinate behavior that the dog chooses to show would distract the portrait artist. To make sure your dog will give an interesting and conspicuous pose, you must startle it with some kind of sound. When a dog tries to smell around, he ruins the gracefulness of the lines and contours, unlike a dog who just stands up and pricks his ears when slightly startled.
The best time to photograph a dog is early in the morning, when, he is bright and alert, before he is fed. A dog is more capable of doing the desired pose if he is hungry and alert. During this time of the day, it is cool and so his mouth would not be hanging open as much compared to the later hours of the day. Tired looking dogs and dogs with mouths wide open do not make good portraits.
The radio broadcasting studios and the dog photographers' studios have this one common characteristic about them. Thousands of sound affects are made available based on the theory that just in case a sound cannot bring out the desired behavior, they can use another one. Among the different sounds available are duck quacks, pop guns, mouse squeaks, and many others.
A breeder wants that when he inspects the proofs of the dog's portraits, he will see only a dog with perfect form and grooming. An artist who sketches has work that is distinct from an artist who photographs dogs. The basis of an artist's drawing is what is visible and not what is known. The opposite applies to dog photographers who need to include in picture what should be there rather than what can be seen.
Emphasize the length of a daschund's body when taking its picture. Dogs' bodies should be slightly tilted at an angle and their feet should be placed firmly on the ground for the shot. Of all the breeds, it is the German shepherd that is most sophisticated. If other dogs are present, this usually friendly dog becomes antagonistic.
Sometimes, amateur photographers forget that the easiest dog to photograph is a hungry dog. They proceed to stuff their dogs before or during the process of photographing them and naturally enough have lazy, disinterested subjects. The alert dog assumes his stance without difficulty.
Photographers prefer the absence of the breeder while they are fixing the dog's pose. Pet owners can make quite a scene when they want their dog to feel comfortable, just like a nervous mother, and it is for this reason that photographers do this. The dog is already aware of the tricks his owner employs to get his attention, and this would not at all help. Using the various sound effects would elicit from the animal the desired response.
Just as a picture is worth a thousand words, a camera can often be worth much more in terms of dollars and cents. Any person planning on committing to photography for a hobby or profession should be expecting to spend at least a little bit of cash on equipment; new gear is one of the best and worst parts of calling yourself a photographer. You can get started in photography for under $100, or you can go all out and buy a complete set of top of the line gear for as much as you're willing to spend. Since there are so many options for new photographers, let's skip all of the cool accessories (filters, lenses, tripods) and break down your most important first purchase: The Camera.
What Do You Need?
The first step in buying the centerpiece of your equipment is figuring out why you need a camera, and what you expect it to do. For example, an all manual DSLR (like Canon's Rebel) is great fun for photographers but is likely a major hassle if you're taking pictures of your friends out having fun. Here's a few key questions to ask yourself to help decide what you need:
* Do I want to use film or digital?
* Am I taking pictures for fun or for a career?
* How comfortable am I operating a manual SLR?
* Is image quality a make or break issue for me?
Since every camera works differently and has it's own pros and cons, you'll need to figure out what you want so you won't be overwhelmed with the choice in equipment. Professional photographers or those wanting to become professionals, often don't want to give up image quality for a lower cost while the average person doesn't care about the extra 0.5% of clarity for their family photos. It's completely up to you.
What Do You Want to Spend?
The sky is the limit when spending money on cameras. You can pick up a little pocket camera for around $100, or you can spend as much as $10,000 on a top of the line digital. Even a manual film SLR can be expensive so make sure you know what you want before making a purchase. Before you pull out your wallet, ask yourself these questions:
* Can I really afford this camera?
* What features do I really need?
* Will this camera work for what I'm buying it for?
Sure, a camera with 13,000 frames per second shooting option and a giant touch screen would be great, but it is overkill for taking a few family photos. This works both ways - if you want to work as a professional, don't sacrifice on flexibility and results just to get a cheaper camera up front. You'll end up having to upgrade it anyway, so wait a little longer and spend a little more. You'll be glad you did.
If you're honest with yourself about what you need from your camera and how much you can spend on it, you're going to be a lot more satisfied with your purchase down the line. If you need help figuring out how different cameras perform in different situations, do some research online and see what other customers say!).
If you're buying a camera to take pictures of family and friends, your camera will likely give you what you need regardless of what you spend.That's because many consumer level cameras work great in 90% of situations. Some of the photos in a recent Swimsuit Edition of Sports Illustrated were shot with a disposable camera so don't think for a second that a lower budget is a handicap. As always, the most important thing is to have fun and take great pictures.
There are many individual elements of what makes an image appear a certain way. Framing, exposure, film speed, camera quality, printing method - all of these have a say in your final product. Contrast is one of the most important and easily manipulated elements of a photograph and, when used properly, can take your images to a whole new level.
Put simply, contrast is the difference between the lights and darks in your images. In terms or black and white photography, high contrast prints have very dark black and super bright whites with no shades in between, while low contrast images will have more grey. In color photos, contrast is used to describe the color intensity and how the colors stand out in relation to each other. While there's no "perfect" level of contrast, a good rule of thumb is to try and create images that have pure black, pure white, and every shade in between. This is not as easy as it sounds!
Contrast in Action
As a photographer, you'll probably find a set amount of contrast that works for you. Some photographers like high contrast while others like low, so it really depends upon what works for you. As long as your images convey the message you want to pass on, no one is going to call you on the phone and tell you to change your photographs around.
If you want to see an example of excellent normal contrast, take a look at the photographs of Ansel Adams. His landscape photographs in black and white cover every base possible in terms of greys, blacks, and whites, and are quite powerful because of it. For an example of high-contrast, recent films such as Sin City and The Spirit used high-contrast imagery to augment their story.
There are a few things you can do to adjust the contrast of your images. Different types of film or digital camera settings will give your pictures different amounts of contrast. For example, slide film has a high contrast ratio compared to regular film. You can also "push" your film while developing it by allowing it to soak in the developer longer than recommended - the longer it sits, the higher your contrast will be. Be careful that you don't over-develop your film because, unlike prints, it can't be redone once you develop it.
In the darkroom, you can apply a filter to your enlarger to change the contrast of your images. A #1 filter will be a slight contrast bump, whereas a #4 filter will dramatically increase the level of contrast in the final image. If you're using digital, most photo editing software has a contrast option built in that will allow you to mimic darkroom filters and adjustments for similar results. Contrast is unlimited in what you can do with it so play around and take it to the limit and see what happens.
Contrast can control the focal point of an image, as in where your viewers look. It can help further define important parts of your photograph as well as create a higher quality image when done properly. Use the "pure white, pure black" rule in every picture and you'll see a huge difference in the prints you will produce. Once you understand what degree of contrast works in your photos, you'll start to see how you can use contrast in the real world to shoot even better pictures. As always, the best way to get better is to keep practicing!
There are so many digital cameras on the market today. Many even offer the same or similar features, but does size play a factor? A lot of people want a smaller camera that they can take with them everywhere. Ultra Compact digital cameras make this possible. These tiny cameras can easily be slipped into a purse or pocket so you can take pictures where ever you are. Here are some great ultra compact digital cameras.
HP Photosmart R937
This is a great little camera that users rated five out of five stars. It has 8 megapixels for high resolution pictures, and it features 3x optical zoom as well as 8x digital zoom. It has a 3.5 LCD with a touchscreen. You can also edit your photos right on the camera. It has technology that minimizes hand shake and is also PictBridge compatible. There are 13 different picture modes along with a movie mode. It has a place for SD cards and also has 32 MB of memory. This is a great ultra compact digital camera and will only cost you around $250.
Canon Powershot SD1000
With 7.1 megapixels this ultra compact digital camera gives you the high resolution of a larger camera in a sleek design. It also offers 3x optical zoom and 4x digital zoom. It has an optical zoom viewfinder as well as a 2.5 color LCD. It is PictBridge compatible and has 17 shooting modes as well as 7 white balance modes. The Canon Powershot SD1000 also gives you 5 movie modes with sound for the ultimate versatility. You have your choice of using SD or MMC cards. This great ultra compact digital camera retails for around $180.
FujiFilm FinPix Z10FD
The FujiFilm FinPix Z10FD is an up to date camera that easily fits into a technology savvy user's life. It is rated five out of five stars by consumers. There are two movie modes with sound, 6 white balance modes, and 18 different shooting modes. It has a 2.5 color LCD for easy viewing and auto and macro focus. It also has a blog mode so that you can upload your pictures for quick and easy sharing with friends and family. You have image storage options with 54MB of internal memory and the option of using an SD card, SDHC cards, or xD Picture cards. This ultra compact digital camera comes in several colors and will only set you back around $140.
Just discover the magic of photography? Surely you want to start taking fabulous photos right away. Although this is not possible you can learn some easy things that will help you start taking nice photos in a couple of days.
First of all you should become familiar with your camera. Read the manual as many times as needed to get accustomed to it. Moreover the usually contains a lot of useful tips.
Than get accustomed to the digital photography terms. The most important ones are: barrel distortion (causes the edges of an image to look curved, when the position of the camera lens is at its widest angle), shake (caused by movement when taking a photo resulting into a blurred image), digital zoom (simulated zoom), exposure values (also called EV, numbers that refer to various combinations of lens aperture and shutter speed).
The next thing to take into account is light. Light is the most important factor when it comes to photography. You can takes photos in natural or artificial light and the different light can make the same photo look different. There is a lot to learn about light so the easiest way to start is to experiment taking photos of various objects in various light conditions.
Despite the sophisticated digital photography tips, there are some simple but often neglected things you should learn and master.
Avoid noise in your photos by being careful with the ISO settings. The higher the ISO the less light is needed for the exposure. Noise will reduce the quality of your photos by making them less clear and sharp.
Do not shake camera while taking a photo. Well, sometimes it is hard to say that you are moving the camera and still your photos are a bit blurry. This is caused by the hand movement that you cannot even recognize. You can take a tripod or use another camera support. Be very careful when taking night photos or any photos under low light as the movement of the camera can do more damage in these situations.
Use to use the shutter button correctly. It is amazing how the simplest thing can go so wrong simply because you cannot use the shutter button the way you should. Most of the digital cameras have two level shutter button. You should press it to the middle to focus and than press again to take the photo. Master this by practice and you will quickly see the difference.
Is your youngster a fan of snapping pictures? Certainly, you have got photo albums filled with pictures that you have taken of your daughter or son, but now the tables are turning on you - your child wishes to be the whole family's photographer! Many children like to fool around with their parent's digital cameras. Digital photography nurtures your son or daughter's creative talents, and if your child particularly enjoys taking photographs of friends, family, his feet, the dog, and other subjects, then perhaps it is time to consider getting him his own digital camera. Fortunately, there are some fairly good digital cameras out there that are durable enough for a child's rigorous use and misuse that don't cost an arm and a leg.
Kids all have their own agendas and some kids take more obviously to the camera than others do. Regardless, kids are always fascinated by digital cameras, and they absolutely love taking photos with them. You may be amazed when the shots your youngster ends up with are good enough quality to fill those empty photo albums you have been storing away. The tips that follow will help you pick out the right digital camera for your youngster, based on the kid's age.
â€¢ Very young through the earlier grades of grade school. When kids are at this age one of their preferred things to do is turn the camera off and on by themselves. They consistently find the result of their pressing the button fascinating, and they really enjoy looking at the bright display screen. They particularly enjoy seeing photos of themselves and mimicking the things that their parents are doing, since they are the most influential people in their lives. When kids are this age you are quite likely to end up with mainly pictures of things like the floor and the ceiling, or maybe other things the youngster likes such as a pet or their favorite toy. When deciding on a digital camera for a child this age, it boils down to sturdy design. Do not be surprised if the camera is thrown around like a stuffed toy, because that is basically what it is to the child. The camera ought to be completely automatic, including the focus function and the flash, and should have the storage capacity to store a lot of pictures.
â€¢ Early grade school age through the first years of middle school. Kids are more advanced when it comes to technology when they are at this age. In fact, your child at this age may know more about cameras than you do. When youngsters are this age they love getting pictures of their very favorite friends, and places, and several other things, and use most of these photos to fill photo albums with their cherished memories. It is at this age that numerous kids begin to take photography seriously, and they might use the pictures that they take for scrapbooking, journals, and more. Try to find a camera that is well-made but not too pricey, as it could get ruined, stolen, or lost someplace. Look for a fashionable looking camera that any child would be very pleased to show off, and that has an automatic flash.
â€¢ High school and more mature kids. When a kid is getting as old as high school age, they are pretty much ready to own a camera that is almost as nice as their parent's, but that is at the same time not too expensive. Teenagers are still forgetful, and many of them do not have the responsibility it takes to care for a very expensive camera. But there are several very nice cameras out there that take some nice good quality shots but that cost under $100. Try to find a digital camera for your own older kid which looks like a camera an adult might want to possess, and that has memory that can get bigger.
Taking pictures can be a wonderful creative outlet for your child, and by placing the right digital camera into your child's hands, you encourage that creativity and help your child to excel.