Dogs often act like humans during the most inconvenient times. According to the belief of some dog owners, dogs need to be loved and cared for because they are also emotional beings. Because of their recognition and study of what dogs like and dislike, animal portraits can be done successfully.
Refusal to have his picture taken could be indicated by his baring at the wrong instant, the wagging of his tail, or the refusal to prick up his ears. The obstinate behavior that the dog chooses to show would distract the portrait artist. To make sure your dog will give an interesting and conspicuous pose, you must startle it with some kind of sound. When a dog tries to smell around, he ruins the gracefulness of the lines and contours, unlike a dog who just stands up and pricks his ears when slightly startled.
The best time to photograph a dog is early in the morning, when, he is bright and alert, before he is fed. A dog is more capable of doing the desired pose if he is hungry and alert. During this time of the day, it is cool and so his mouth would not be hanging open as much compared to the later hours of the day. Tired looking dogs and dogs with mouths wide open do not make good portraits.
The radio broadcasting studios and the dog photographers' studios have this one common characteristic about them. Thousands of sound affects are made available based on the theory that just in case a sound cannot bring out the desired behavior, they can use another one. Among the different sounds available are duck quacks, pop guns, mouse squeaks, and many others.
A breeder wants that when he inspects the proofs of the dog's portraits, he will see only a dog with perfect form and grooming. An artist who sketches has work that is distinct from an artist who photographs dogs. The basis of an artist's drawing is what is visible and not what is known. The opposite applies to dog photographers who need to include in picture what should be there rather than what can be seen.
Emphasize the length of a daschund's body when taking its picture. Dogs' bodies should be slightly tilted at an angle and their feet should be placed firmly on the ground for the shot. Of all the breeds, it is the German shepherd that is most sophisticated. If other dogs are present, this usually friendly dog becomes antagonistic.
Sometimes, amateur photographers forget that the easiest dog to photograph is a hungry dog. They proceed to stuff their dogs before or during the process of photographing them and naturally enough have lazy, disinterested subjects. The alert dog assumes his stance without difficulty.
Photographers prefer the absence of the breeder while they are fixing the dog's pose. Pet owners can make quite a scene when they want their dog to feel comfortable, just like a nervous mother, and it is for this reason that photographers do this. The dog is already aware of the tricks his owner employs to get his attention, and this would not at all help. Using the various sound effects would elicit from the animal the desired response.
Just as a picture is worth a thousand words, a camera can often be worth much more in terms of dollars and cents. Any person planning on committing to photography for a hobby or profession should be expecting to spend at least a little bit of cash on equipment; new gear is one of the best and worst parts of calling yourself a photographer. You can get started in photography for under $100, or you can go all out and buy a complete set of top of the line gear for as much as you're willing to spend. Since there are so many options for new photographers, let's skip all of the cool accessories (filters, lenses, tripods) and break down your most important first purchase: The Camera.
What Do You Need?
The first step in buying the centerpiece of your equipment is figuring out why you need a camera, and what you expect it to do. For example, an all manual DSLR (like Canon's Rebel) is great fun for photographers but is likely a major hassle if you're taking pictures of your friends out having fun. Here's a few key questions to ask yourself to help decide what you need:
* Do I want to use film or digital?
* Am I taking pictures for fun or for a career?
* How comfortable am I operating a manual SLR?
* Is image quality a make or break issue for me?
Since every camera works differently and has it's own pros and cons, you'll need to figure out what you want so you won't be overwhelmed with the choice in equipment. Professional photographers or those wanting to become professionals, often don't want to give up image quality for a lower cost while the average person doesn't care about the extra 0.5% of clarity for their family photos. It's completely up to you.
What Do You Want to Spend?
The sky is the limit when spending money on cameras. You can pick up a little pocket camera for around $100, or you can spend as much as $10,000 on a top of the line digital. Even a manual film SLR can be expensive so make sure you know what you want before making a purchase. Before you pull out your wallet, ask yourself these questions:
* Can I really afford this camera?
* What features do I really need?
* Will this camera work for what I'm buying it for?
Sure, a camera with 13,000 frames per second shooting option and a giant touch screen would be great, but it is overkill for taking a few family photos. This works both ways - if you want to work as a professional, don't sacrifice on flexibility and results just to get a cheaper camera up front. You'll end up having to upgrade it anyway, so wait a little longer and spend a little more. You'll be glad you did.
If you're honest with yourself about what you need from your camera and how much you can spend on it, you're going to be a lot more satisfied with your purchase down the line. If you need help figuring out how different cameras perform in different situations, do some research online and see what other customers say!).
If you're buying a camera to take pictures of family and friends, your camera will likely give you what you need regardless of what you spend.That's because many consumer level cameras work great in 90% of situations. Some of the photos in a recent Swimsuit Edition of Sports Illustrated were shot with a disposable camera so don't think for a second that a lower budget is a handicap. As always, the most important thing is to have fun and take great pictures.
There are many individual elements of what makes an image appear a certain way. Framing, exposure, film speed, camera quality, printing method - all of these have a say in your final product. Contrast is one of the most important and easily manipulated elements of a photograph and, when used properly, can take your images to a whole new level.
Put simply, contrast is the difference between the lights and darks in your images. In terms or black and white photography, high contrast prints have very dark black and super bright whites with no shades in between, while low contrast images will have more grey. In color photos, contrast is used to describe the color intensity and how the colors stand out in relation to each other. While there's no "perfect" level of contrast, a good rule of thumb is to try and create images that have pure black, pure white, and every shade in between. This is not as easy as it sounds!
Contrast in Action
As a photographer, you'll probably find a set amount of contrast that works for you. Some photographers like high contrast while others like low, so it really depends upon what works for you. As long as your images convey the message you want to pass on, no one is going to call you on the phone and tell you to change your photographs around.
If you want to see an example of excellent normal contrast, take a look at the photographs of Ansel Adams. His landscape photographs in black and white cover every base possible in terms of greys, blacks, and whites, and are quite powerful because of it. For an example of high-contrast, recent films such as Sin City and The Spirit used high-contrast imagery to augment their story.
There are a few things you can do to adjust the contrast of your images. Different types of film or digital camera settings will give your pictures different amounts of contrast. For example, slide film has a high contrast ratio compared to regular film. You can also "push" your film while developing it by allowing it to soak in the developer longer than recommended - the longer it sits, the higher your contrast will be. Be careful that you don't over-develop your film because, unlike prints, it can't be redone once you develop it.
In the darkroom, you can apply a filter to your enlarger to change the contrast of your images. A #1 filter will be a slight contrast bump, whereas a #4 filter will dramatically increase the level of contrast in the final image. If you're using digital, most photo editing software has a contrast option built in that will allow you to mimic darkroom filters and adjustments for similar results. Contrast is unlimited in what you can do with it so play around and take it to the limit and see what happens.
Contrast can control the focal point of an image, as in where your viewers look. It can help further define important parts of your photograph as well as create a higher quality image when done properly. Use the "pure white, pure black" rule in every picture and you'll see a huge difference in the prints you will produce. Once you understand what degree of contrast works in your photos, you'll start to see how you can use contrast in the real world to shoot even better pictures. As always, the best way to get better is to keep practicing!